Data center guide: what it is, how it works, classification and benefits

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From an infrastructural point of view, the data center is the beating heart of the business because it houses all the equipment that allows you to govern the processes, communications and services to support any business. Owned or outsourced, the CED is the cornerstone of business continuity. For this reason it is necessary to understand well what it means to choose between Tier I, II, III and IV. Talking about data centers today however also means addressing the issue of cloud and hybrid environments.

What is a data center? It is the engine room (also the Ced room – Data processing center) that houses servers, storage, uninterruptible power supplies and all the equipment that allows you to govern the processes, communications as well as the services that support any business. In a nutshell, it is the data centers that guarantee the operation 24 hours a day, every day of the year, of any information system.

The data center today represents the beating heart of the business because it also provides all the technical-scientific advice to the various structures regarding the digitization of processes, electronic data processing, definition of computer networks, design and / or implementation of information systems, including all support applications as well as integration and interfacing with systems external to the organization.

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What is and what is a data center for

In this detailed and complete guide to data centers , we will see in depth, what a data center is and how it works, data center classifications, security, consumption and other insights on the data center.

But before going into detail on these basic aspects, remember that today, when we talk about data centers, we often no longer think of a physical place because the data center is now by definition hybrid, consisting of: in-house environments, private clouds and public clouds provided by different providers. To learn more about this evolution, we recommend reading the article The new data center that enables business.

And now let’s go back to our guide which refers specifically to in-house environments.

Business efficiency passes through the balancing of data centers , which always and in any case remains the technological pivot for the development and growth of a company. One of the important aspects of a CED is the ability to handle a large number of processes and data. Compared to the past, the progressive digitization in the public and private sectors has led the order of reasoning to move from a management measured per terabytes to one measured in zetabytes : between now and the next 5 years 35 zetabytes of digital content will be generated (Source: Osservatori Digital Innovation ), which leads companies to make choices increasingly attentive to the scalability and flexibility of the resources present in the data center but also to the reference models.